The Language of Mysticism in the Holy Quran and Persian Literature

  • Habib -Allah Hosseini Mirabadi Ph.D. Student in the Persian Language and Literature, Shiraz University, Iran.
  • Shahrokh Mohammad Beigi
Keywords: Mysticism, Sufism, Quran, the Unity of Existence, Love, Governorship, Progress, Mortality and Eternity.

Abstract

Although Mysticism and Sufism are usually applied interchangeably, Mysticism may be considered as the theoretical aspect of Sufism, and Sufism is the practical aspect or the mystical progress. Some researchers believe that in Sufism there is a phase called "chrisma" after the emergence in which Sufism absorbs some element of mysticism of the other nations in itself and develop them; however, studying the fundamental elements of the Islamic Mysticism like the unity of existence, love, governorship, progress, mortality, eternity, etc. and comparing them with the Holy Quran challenges this theory. Governorship is not only a connection between Shiite Mysticism with the thoughts of Ibn-Arabi and his followers, but also a point of unity and a coverage which gathers all the mystical dispositions together. Moreover, the combination of theory and practice or Mysticism and Sufism with each other, or the priority of practice to theory and the fact that the knowledge of Mysticism is the subsequent of spiritual progress and the record of the innermost reception which occurs in the atmosphere of Islamic religious law can be another endorsement on the foundation of the Islamic Mysticism on the Holy Quran.

References

Attar Neyshaburi, Farid al-Din. (1977). mantegh al-tair, Tehran: Translation and Publishing Agency.

Attar Neyshaburi, Farid al-Din. (2008). divān. Delaram Pournemati, Tehran: Golsar.

Attar Neyshaburi, Farid al-Din. (2009). mosibatnāmeh.. Introduction, Correction and Propagation by Mohammad Reza Shafiikdekani, Tehran: Sokhan.

Ayati, Abdulhamid (2000). The Holy Quran, Tehran: Soroush.

Chitic, William. (2014). Ibn Arabi vārese anbiyā. Translated by Hushmand Dehghan, Tehran: Payame Emruz.

Ebrahimi Dinani, Gholam Hossein. (2010). daftar-e aql va āyat-e eʃq. Vol. 1, 4th ed., Tehran: Tarh-e No.

Emami, Mohammad Jafar and Mohammad Reza Ashtiani. (2000). nahjul-balaghah, Translation and Explanation, vol.2, 12th ed., Qom: Madrese Al-emam Ali-ibn Abitaleb.

Hafez Shirazi, Shamsalddin Mohammad. (1995). divān, Khalil Khatibrahbar, 17th ed., Tehran: Safi Ali Shah.

Hajvayri, Ali ibn Othman. (1998). kaʃful mahjub. Correcting by Zhukovsky, 6th ed., Tehran: Tahuri Library Publishing.

Hamedani, Einulquzat. (1962). tamhidat. Thanks to Anif Asiran. Tehran: asatir.

Hatef Esfahani, Seyyed Ahmad. (1970). divan. Correcting by Vahid Dastjerdi, Tehran: Foroughi Bookstore.

Hossein Dashti, Seyyed Mostafa (2005). moa’ref va ma’ārif. Vol. 5, Tehran: Araye Cultural Institute.

Ibn al-Arabi, Mohiyid al-Din. (2002). futuhat-e makkiye. Thanks to Abolfazl Afifi, Beirut.

Ibn Arabi, Mohiyiddin. (2016). fusus al-hekam. Transcript, Explanation and Analysis by Mohammad Ali Movahed and Samad Movahed, Tehran: Karnameh.

Khoramshahi, Baha'uddin. (1996). Holy Quran, translation, description and dictionary, Tehran: Jami: Niloofar.

Lahiji, Shamseddin Mohammad (2016). ʃarh-e golʃan-e rāz. Introduction, Correction and Extensions by Mohammad Reza Barzegar Khaleghi, 7th ed., Tehran: Zavvar.

Ma’refat, Mohammad Hadi (2000). tafsir va mofasserān. Qom: al-tamhid.

Makarem Shirazi, Nasser (2003). tafsir nemoneh. Vol. 1, 22th ed., Tehran: Dar al-kutub Islamiyah.

Makarem Shirazi, Nasser (2003). tafsir nemoneh. Vol. 16, 22th ed., Tehran: Dar al-kutub Islamiyah.

Makarem Shirazi, Nasser (2003). tafsir nemoneh. Vol. 23, 22th ed., Tehran: Dar al-kutub Islamiyah.

Meybodi, Abolfazl Rashid al-Din. (1978). kaʃful asrār va eddatul-abrar. by Ali Asghar Hekmat, Vol. 1, Tehran: Amir Kabir.

Moein, Mohammad (1997). farhang-e fārsi. Tehran: Amir Kabir.

Nayyeri, Mohammadiyosof. (2016). narges-e āsheqān. 2nd ed., Shiraz: University of Shiraz.

Pornamdarian, Taghi. (1988). ramz va dāstānhaye ramzi dar adab-e fārsi. Tehran: Scientific and Cultural Publications.

Rajai Bukharaie, Ahmad Ali (1986). farhang-e aʃar Hafez. Tehran: Scientific publications.

Razi, Najmuddin. (1987). Morsad al-ebad, Mohammadamin Riahi, Tehran: Scientific and Cultural Company.

Romi, Jalaluddin (1984). masnavi. Tehran: Pegah Publications

Romi, Jalaluddin (1988). divan shams tabrizi. 12th ed., Tehran: Amir Kabir.

Saadi Shirazi, Moshrefeddin Mosleh ibn Abbas Allah. (1997). kuliyat. From Foroughi's Edition by Mohammad Sadri's, Tehran: Namak.

Sands, Christine. (2016). tafāsir Sufiyane-ye Qur'an. Translated by Zahra Tidindoz, Tehran: Hekmat.

Vali, Shahnematullah. (1994). divan aʃār. Tehran: Ferdows

Zarinkoub, Abdul Hussein. (1984). arzeʃ-e mirās-e sufiye. Tehran: Amir Kabir.

Zarinkoub, Abdul Hussein. (1989). Justu ju dar tassavuf-e Iran. Tehran: Amir Kabir.

Published
2018-08-29
How to Cite
Hosseini Mirabadi, H.-A., & Mohammad Beigi, S. (2018). The Language of Mysticism in the Holy Quran and Persian Literature. LANGUAGE ART, 3(3). https://doi.org/10.22046/LA.2018.14
Section
Article