The Capacities of Syncretism of the Word in Nominative Case in Russian Language and Comparing It with Persian

  • Maryam Shafaghi Assistant professor at Allameh Tabataba'i university

Abstract

Syncretism is the syntactic property of a member of the sentence that expresses more than one syntactic meaning all at once. The Syncretic nominative refers to one-member sentences in which the nominative is also the predicate at the same time. Furthermore, some adjectives, comparatives, and participles in Russian and Persian language are widely used as nouns and nominatives. Iranian grammarians discuss the syntactic properties in terms of nominal sentences (semi-sentences). Nominal sentences do not have verbs and, unlike one-member sentences, may comprise more than one member. One-member sentences are usually exclamatory syntactic structures with a special intonation. They are divided into two main groups based on their being voluntary or involuntary. Involuntary one-member sentences are used to warn the addressee about an immediate danger, attract his/her attention, or ask him/her to be careful, such as: Пожар! /pazhar/ (Fire!) or in Persian: ɂātiʃ!. Voluntary one-member sentences are used as a demanding action, such as Тишина! /tišina/ (Silence!) or in Persian: sāket!

References

Anvari, H. and Ahmadi Givi, H. (2005). dasture zabāne fārsi 2, Tehran: Fatemi Cultulral Institute.

Babaytseva V.V. (1983). zona sinkretizma v sisteme chastey rechi sovremennogo russkogo yazyka. Moscow: Filologicheskiye nauki. № 5̱. p.: 35-42.

Babaytseva V.V. (2004). sistema odnosostavnykh predlozheniy v sovremennom russkom yazyke. – Moscow: Drofa.

Babaytseva V.V. (2015). sintaksis russkogo yazyka: monografiya. Moscow: Flinta: Nauka.

Dibrova, E.I.(2002). Sovremennyy russkiy yazyk. Teoriya. Analiz yazykovykh yedinits: [Tekst]: Ye.I. Dibrova CH.2: Morfologiya. Sintaksis Moskva, izdatel'skiy tsentr «Akademiya»-704 p.

Gaysina, R.M. (1985). mezhkategorial'nyy perekhod ponyatiya i obogashcheniya leksiki.-Ufa, p. 17.

Ghatre, F. (2006). tasrif dar zabāne fārsi, Ph. D. Dissertation, Tehran: Allame Tabataba'i University.

Kryuchkova, L.S. (2004). russkiy yazyk kak inostrannyy: sintaksis prostogo i slozhnogo predlozheniya: uchebnoye posobiye dlya studentov vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy.- Moscow: Gumanitarnyy izdatel'skiy tsentr VLADOS.

Lazar, G. (2010). dasture zabāne fārsiye moɂāser, Translated by: Mahasti Bahreini, Tehran: Hermes.

Mirhashemi, S.H. (2011). barrasiye neʃāndāriye ɂafɂāle gozaʃteye sāde va estemrāri dar se guneye zabāniye ɂirāni: fārsi, damāvandi, gilakiye laʃte neʃāyi, Gilane ma Journal, Gilan.

Nobahar, M. (1993). dasture kārbordiye zabāne fārsi, Tehran: Rahnama Pubs.

Rubinchik, U.A. (2001). grammatika sovremennogo persidskogo literaturnogo yazyka.- Moscow: izdatel'skaya firma «Vostochnaya literatura» RAN.

Shaghaghi, V. and Mirzaie, A. (2015). naqʃzodudegi va hamtābini dar zabāne fārsi, Alzahra University, Language Studies, Vol. 7, No. 17, pp. 55–75.

Sho'ār, J. (1971). tanāzoɂ dar zabāne fārsi, Vahid Jouranl, No. 91, pp. 543–555.

Tabatabaie, A. (2016). farhange tosifiye dasture zabāne fārsi, Tehran: Farhange Moaser.

Tikhonov A.N (2008). Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar'-spravochnik lingvisticheskikh terminov i ponyatiy. Russkiy yazyk : v 2 t. / A.N. Tikhonov, R.I. Khashimov, G.S. Zhuravleva i dr. – Moscow. : Flinta, Nauka.

Vahidian Kamyar, T. (2002). dasture zabāne fārsi 1, Tehran: SAMT.

Valgina, N.S. (2003). sovremennyy russkiy yazyk: sintaksis: uchebnik .- Moscow: Vysshaya shkola.

Vinogradov, V.V. (1972). russkiy yazyk. grammaticheskoye ucheniye o slove.- Moscow: Gosudarstvennoye uchebno-pedagogicheskoye izdatel'stvo Ministra Prosveshcheniya RSFSR.

Zakharenko. E.N., Komarova L.N., Nechayeva I.V. (2008). novyy slovar' inostrannykh slov: svyshe 25000 slov i slovosochetaniy.- Moscow: OOO Izdatel'skiy tsentr «Azbukovnik».

Published
2018-02-28
Section
Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.