Eco-criticism and Italo Calvino: A Literature Which Serves the Environment

  • Fatemeh Asgari Assistant Professor in Italian Language and Literature , University of Tehran

Abstract

Eco-criticism, a branch of modern literary criticism, nowadays everywhere in the world, from West to East, and in the form of a cultural and moral flow, through literature announces its message as an alarm, a concern for the environment. Among the writers of contemporary Italian Literature, Italo Calvino is the first ecologic story-teller, who beyond his short stories reveals the emergency situation of urban ecosystem. The first character of his stories, condemned to live in industrial cities, is looking at nature disappearing in his smoky hands. The present article, through the content analysis of some of these works, points out to the important role of Literature which serves in the cultivation for preserving the environment and awakening the minds of humen against a serious danger that threatens their lives.  

Author Biography

Fatemeh Asgari, Assistant Professor in Italian Language and Literature , University of Tehran

B.S. in Italian Language and Literature University of Tehran

M.S. in Teaching of Italian language and Literature in international linguistic  contexts, University of Perugia - Italy

Ph. d. in Comunication of  Italian Literature and cultural traditions in the World, University of Perugia - Italy

Member of Scientific Committe of Italian Studies, Faculty of Foriegn Languages and Literatures, University of Tehran

References

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Glotfelty, Ch. (1996). The Ecocriticism Reader, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, p. 31.

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Manica, R. (2007). Exit Novecento. Una raccolta di saggi, Roma: Gaffi, p. 71.

Meeker, J. (1972). The Comedy of Survival: Studies in Literary Ecology, New York: Carl Scribner’s Sons Edition.

Pierangeli, F. (1997). Italo Calvino. La metamorfosi e l’idea del nulla, Soveria Mannelli: Rubbettino.

Pierangeli, F. and Barbaro, P. (1995). Italo Calvino. Biografia per immagini, Cavallermaggiore: Gribaudo, p. 117.

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Sanavio, P. (2010). Walden ovvero vita nei boschi, Milano: BUR.

Saviano, R. (2016). Gomorra. Viaggio nell’impero economico e nel sogno di dominio della camorra, Milano: Mondadori.

Silone, I. (2016). Fontamara, Milano: Mondadori.

Published
2018-02-28
Section
Article

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