Eco-criticism and Italo Calvino: A Literature Which Serves the Environment

  • Fatemeh Asgari Assistant Professor in Italian Language and Literature , University of Tehran
Keywords: Eco-criticism, the Department of Literature and Environment, Culture in Favor of Environment, Italo Calvino, Contemporary Italian Literature.


Eco-criticism, a branch of modern literary criticism, nowadays everywhere in the world, from West to East, and in the form of a cultural and moral flow, through literature announces its message as an alarm, a concern for the environment. Among the writers of contemporary Italian Literature, Italo Calvino is the first ecologic story-teller, who beyond his short stories reveals the emergency situation of urban ecosystem. The first character of his stories, condemned to live in industrial cities, is looking at nature disappearing in his smoky hands. The present article, through the content analysis of some of these works, points out to the important role of Literature which serves in the cultivation for preserving the environment and awakening the minds of humen against a serious danger that threatens their lives.  

Author Biography

Fatemeh Asgari, Assistant Professor in Italian Language and Literature , University of Tehran

B.S. in Italian Language and Literature University of Tehran

M.S. in Teaching of Italian language and Literature in international linguistic  contexts, University of Perugia - Italy

Ph. d. in Comunication of  Italian Literature and cultural traditions in the World, University of Perugia - Italy

Member of Scientific Committe of Italian Studies, Faculty of Foriegn Languages and Literatures, University of Tehran


Bucciantini, M. (2007). Italo Calvino e la scienza, Roma: Donzelli.

Calvino, I. (2016). Marcovaldo ovvero le stagioni in città, Milano: Mondadori.

Glotfelty, Ch. (1996). The Ecocriticism Reader, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, p. 31.

Iovino, S. (2006). Ecologia letteraria. Una strategia di sopravvivenza, Milano: Edizioni Ambiente.

Manica, R. (2007). Exit Novecento. Una raccolta di saggi, Roma: Gaffi, p. 71.

Meeker, J. (1972). The Comedy of Survival: Studies in Literary Ecology, New York: Carl Scribner’s Sons Edition.

Pierangeli, F. (1997). Italo Calvino. La metamorfosi e l’idea del nulla, Soveria Mannelli: Rubbettino.

Pierangeli, F. and Barbaro, P. (1995). Italo Calvino. Biografia per immagini, Cavallermaggiore: Gribaudo, p. 117.

Rueckert, W. (1978-9). Literature and Ecology: An Experiment in Ecocriticism, in Iowa Review, 1.

Sanavio, P. (2010). Walden ovvero vita nei boschi, Milano: BUR.

Saviano, R. (2016). Gomorra. Viaggio nell’impero economico e nel sogno di dominio della camorra, Milano: Mondadori.

Silone, I. (2016). Fontamara, Milano: Mondadori.

How to Cite
Asgari, F. (2018). Eco-criticism and Italo Calvino: A Literature Which Serves the Environment. LANGUAGE ART, 3(1), 27-40.